Flevy Blog is an online business magazine covering Business Strategies, Business Theories, & Business Stories.

Need to Have High-Performing Teams? Master the Stages of Team Development

Forming a team takes time. Companies cannot expect a new team to perform well when it first comes together. Members often go through stages as they change from being a collection of strangers to a united group with common goals.

“Coming together is a beginning. Keeping together is progress. Working together is success. – Henry Ford”

Team formation needs to take recognizable stages of development. A team’s internal processes usually change over time. Team functioning generally improves after the team has been together for a while.

Bruce Tuckman’s Stages of Team Development

According to Bruce Tuckman, when a team follows recognizable Stages of Team Development, only then can a team function optimally. A team cannot perform well unless it has experienced conflicts and has set behavioral standards. The Forming-Storming-Norming-Performing Model allows teams to grow, face up to challenges, tackle problems, find solutions, plan work, and deliver results.  This framework is one of the most popularized on Team Building, one often used by management consulting firms.

Stage 1: Forming

In stage 1, the team is still highly dependent on the leader for guidance and direction. There can be some tension within the group as there is little agreement on the team’s aims other than those received from the leader.

Forming can last for some time as the dynamics within the team is still being worked out. This can be a challenge to leaders with members testing the system and the tolerance of the leader.

Stage 2: Storming

In Stage 2, clarity of purpose has increased albeit presence of plenty of uncertainty. Team members vie for position as they attempt to establish themselves in relation to other team members and the leader. Cliques and factions may form and there may be a power struggle.

Storming now requires the leader to be on top of the situation. He must be an effective coach to enable the team to conquer challenges during this stage.

Stage 3: Norming

The 3rd stage signals the coming together of the team. Agreement and consensus start forming and roles and responsibilities are now clear and accepted.

Here, a strong commitment to the team goal is now being developed and there is a general respect for the leader.

Stage 4: Performing

Reaching Stage 4, the team is now reaching the achievement of its goals without incurring friction. The team is more strategically aware and knows clearly why it is doing what it is doing.

In the Performing stage, leaders can now start focusing on other goals and areas of work.

The 5th Stage

In 1977, Tuckman added a 5th stage called Adjournment. Once a project ends, the team disbands. This phase is sometimes known as mourning because members have grown close and feel a loss now that the experience is over.
The 5th Stage may not be relevant in managing and developing a team but it is relevant to the people and their well-being and this is essential.

Going through the Stages of Team Development require specific leadership skills and capabilities. There are strategic actions that leaders can undertake to effectively facilitate the development of the team. Leaders in this 21st-century business environment just need to master that.

Interested in gaining more understanding of the Stages of Team Development? You can learn more and download an editable PowerPoint about Stages of Team Development here on the Flevy documents marketplace.

Are you a management consultant?

You can download this and hundreds of other consulting frameworks and consulting training guides from the FlevyPro library.

About Joseph Robinson

Joseph Robinson is the Vice President of Strategy at Flevy. Flevy is a marketplace for business documents--specifically, documents used by folks who work in a business function (e.g. Marketing, Corporate Finance, IT, etc.). These documents can range from Excel Financial Models to customizable PowerPoint Templates to "How-To"​ Business Frameworks, covering management topics from Digital Transformation to Growth Strategy to Lean Management. You can peruse a full list of management topics available on Flevy here. Prior to Flevy, Joseph worked as an Associate at BCG and holds an MBA from the Sloan School of Management at MIT. You can connect with Joseph on LinkedIn here.

, , ,

Complimentary Business Training Guides

Many companies develop robust strategies, but struggle with operationalizing their strategies into implementable steps. This presentation from flevy introduces 12 powerful business frameworks spanning both Strategy Development and Strategy Execution. [Learn more]   This whitepaper authored by McKinsey Communications specialist teaches us the 4 Cs of Communication Review, so you can find and fix errors in your Communication prior to sending it out. It addresses the most critical elements of Communication across all formats. [Learn more]
We've developed a very comprehensive collection of Strategy & Transformation PowerPoint templates for you to use in your own business presentations, spanning topics from Growth Strategy to Brand Development to Innovation to Customer Experience to Strategic Management. [Learn more]   We have compiled a collection of 10 Lean Six Sigma templates (Excel) and Operational Excellence guides (PowerPoint) by a multitude of LSS experts. These tools cover topics including 8 Disciplines (8D), 5 Why's, 7 Wastes, Value Stream Mapping (VSM), and DMAIC. [Learn more]
Recent Articles by Corporate Function






The Flevy Business Blog (http://flevy.com/blog) is a leading source of information on business strategies, business theories, and business stories. Most articles have been contributed for management consultants and industry executives with over 20 years of experience. If you would like to contribute an article, please email our editor David Tang at [email protected].

Flevy (http://flevy.com) is the marketplace for premium business documents, such as management frameworks, presentation templates, and financial models. Our documents are of the same caliber produced by top tier consulting firms, like McKinsey, Bain, Accenture, BCG, and Deloitte. Learn more about Flevy here.

Connect with Flevy:


About Flevy.com   /   Terms   /   Privacy Policy
© 2019. Flevy LLC. All Rights Reserved.