Editor's Note: Take a look at our featured best practice, 4 Stage Model Supply Chain Assessment (Excel workbook). The purpose of the 4 Stage Model is to provide a high-level qualitative assessment of an organizations practices and processes. The model aligns with the Supply Chain Council's SCOR model and is broken down into Plan, Source, Make and Deliver. Within each of these major processes are a series of [read more]
Supply Chain Management: 2 Phases of Transportation Cost Reduction
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Reason this area has gone under the radar is that companies do not consider Supply Chain to be their core competency.
Not only Warehousing but Transportation also has almost the same potential in terms of opportunities for Cost Reduction and Process Improvement. The approach to Transportation Costs Reduction, though, is different to that of Supply Chain Cost Reduction in Warehousing. This is in part due to the complexity in Transportation Costs, as the costs come from numerous widely distributed individual operations every year.
The approach to Supply Chain Cost Reduction in Transportation encompasses 2 phases:
- Understand the Baseline
- Identify and Implement Opportunities
Let us delve a little deeper into the 2 phases.
1. Understand the Baseline
Improvement in Transportation operations is hindered, in most cases, by enormous variability in operations, diverse service levels being demanded by various customers, and a multitude of transport providers delivering services in a variety of ways.
Transportation Costs of between 20-30% can be saved by compiling a complete perspective of the overall Transportation operations of an organization. The evaluation will also reveal essential service categories that have a skewed effect on Cost.
2. Identify and Implement Opportunities
Identification of the Cost Drivers is imperative for the companies to develop a systematic approach to Transportation Cost Reduction. This systematic approach involves observing 4 main levers of Cost Optimization opportunities:
- Compliance with Contracted Price
- Negotiated Price
- Contract Terms
- Customer Breakpoints and Behavioral Changes
The 4 levers of Cost Reductions help in countering the issues impacting Transportation Costs and enabling significant savings.
Significant Cost Reductions can be gained by identifying mutual benefits and risks for both companies and suppliers in addition to understanding customer breakpoints that enable Customer Centric Design.
Let us consider a few instances where Cost Reduction can have a quick impact.
- Companies, often, have to pay substantial fuel surcharges for waiting time or late payments—caused by variance in actual delivery patterns and the delivery pattern specified in the contract.
- Suppliers usually charge a higher rate to compensate for inefficiencies in their operational structure. Understanding those inefficiencies helps identify significant savings potential.
- Logistics Service Providers either increase their rates or add fuel surcharges in order to protect themselves from the effect of fluctuating fuel prices. A fixed rate benefits the customer when fuel prices go up, but creates needless high fuel bills when prices are down.
- Ordering habits of certain customers add to the Transportation Costs. For example, unknowingly ordering early next-day deliveries, without an absolute necessity for it, causes significant (20% in some cases) extra cost than a delivery at noon. A 24-hour delivery time costs even less than the noon delivery.
Interested in learning more about the phases and cost drivers of Supply Chain Cost Reduction in Transportation? You can download an editable PowerPoint on Supply Chain Cost Reduction: Transportation here on the Flevy documents marketplace.
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Supply Chain Management (SCM) is the design, planning, execution, control, and monitoring of Supply Chain activities. It also captures the management of the flow of goods and services.
In February of 2020, COVID-19 disrupted—and in many cases halted—global Supply Chains, revealing just how fragile they have become. By April, many countries experienced declines of over 40% in domestic and international trade.
COVID-19 has likewise changed how Supply Chain Executives approach and think about SCM. In the pre-COVID-19 era of globalization, the objective was to be Lean and Cost-effective. In the post-COVID-19 world, companies must now focus on making their Supply Chains Resilient, Agile, and Smart. Additional trends include Digitization, Sustainability, and Manufacturing Reshoring.
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About Mark BridgesMark Bridges is a Senior Director of Strategy at Flevy. Flevy is your go-to resource for best practices in business management, covering management topics from Strategic Planning to Operational Excellence to Digital Transformation (view full list here). Learn how the Fortune 100 and global consulting firms do it. Improve the growth and efficiency of your organization by leveraging Flevy's library of best practice methodologies and templates. Prior to Flevy, Mark worked as an Associate at McKinsey & Co. and holds an MBA from the Booth School of Business at the University of Chicago. You can connect with Mark on LinkedIn here.
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