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Flevy Management Insights Case Study
Board Efficacy Enhancement in Aerospace Sector


Fortune 500 companies typically bring on global consulting firms, like McKinsey, BCG, Bain, Deloitte, and Accenture, or boutique consulting firms specializing in Corporate Board to thoroughly analyze their unique business challenges and competitive situations. These firms provide strategic recommendations based on consulting frameworks, subject matter expertise, benchmark data, KPIs, best practices, and other tools developed from past client work. We followed this management consulting approach for this case study.

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Consider this scenario: The organization is a mid-sized aerospace components supplier grappling with a stagnant growth trajectory and misaligned corporate governance practices.

Its Corporate Board has been unable to effectively steer the company through the competitive landscape due to a lack of industry expertise and strategic foresight. The organization seeks to revitalize the board's functionality, aiming to enhance strategic input and improve decision-making processes to better navigate market dynamics and regulatory pressures.



Initial scrutiny suggests that the board's composition and governance practices may not be conducive to agile and informed decision-making, potentially stifling the organization's growth and innovation capabilities. A hypothesis is that the lack of industry-specific experience among board members could be limiting the organization's strategic opportunities. Additionally, the board's operational framework might benefit from a realignment towards contemporary best practices in corporate governance.

Strategic Analysis and Execution Methodology

To address the organization's challenges, a proven 4-phase consulting methodology is proposed, drawing on best practices from industry leaders in corporate governance. This structured approach is designed to yield actionable insights, ensuring that board procedures are optimized to drive the organization's strategic agenda.

  1. Board Composition and Governance Review: Assess the current board structure, expertise, and governance protocols. Key activities include benchmarking against leading aerospace firms, identifying gaps in expertise, and evaluating the effectiveness of current governance practices.
  2. Strategic Alignment and Board Development: Align the board's expertise and operations with the organization's strategic goals. This includes board member education on industry trends, strategic planning sessions, and the development of a board charter.
  3. Policy and Process Enhancement: Revise board policies and processes to facilitate better decision-making and oversight. Focus areas include meeting cadence, information flow to the board, and performance evaluation metrics.
  4. Implementation and Continuous Improvement: Guide the implementation of new board practices and establish a framework for ongoing evaluation and refinement. This includes setting up a board evaluation process and regular strategy review sessions.

Learn more about Strategic Planning Continuous Improvement Best Practices

For effective implementation, take a look at these Corporate Board best practices:

Preparing Powerful Board Papers (50-slide PowerPoint deck)
Elevate - The Foundations (41-page PDF document)
Value-Driven Boards - Frameworks, Models and Tools (53-slide PowerPoint deck and supporting Excel workbook)
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Management Board 101 - Guide (214-slide PowerPoint deck)
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Anticipated Executive Inquiries

Executives may question the adaptability of the board to new governance standards and the potential disruption during the transition period. The methodology ensures a tailored approach, taking into account the organization's unique culture and operational context, thereby minimizing disruption. Further, executives may be concerned about measuring the impact of the changes. Clear KPIs are outlined to track improvements in board effectiveness and contributions to strategic outcomes.

Expected Outcomes

  • Enhanced decision-making agility, leading to a more responsive and competitive stance in the market.
  • Improved alignment between the board's expertise and the organization’s strategic objectives, fostering innovation and growth.
  • Increased shareholder confidence through transparent and effective governance practices.

Implementation Challenges

  • Resistance to change among board members, mitigated through comprehensive change management and communication strategies.
  • Identifying and attracting new board members with the requisite aerospace industry expertise.
  • Ensuring continuous improvement post-implementation, addressed by establishing a robust board evaluation framework.

Learn more about Change Management Disruption

Implementation KPIs

KPIS are crucial throughout the implementation process. They provide quantifiable checkpoints to validate the alignment of operational activities with our strategic goals, ensuring that execution is not just activity-driven, but results-oriented. Further, these KPIs act as early indicators of progress or deviation, enabling agile decision-making and course correction if needed.


What gets measured gets done, what gets measured and fed back gets done well, what gets rewarded gets repeated.
     – John E. Jones

  • Board Meeting Frequency and Decision-Making Timeliness
  • Board Member Industry Expertise Index
  • Strategic Initiative Implementation Rate
  • Board Evaluation Score Improvement

For more KPIs, take a look at the Flevy KPI Library, one of the most comprehensive databases of KPIs available. Having a centralized library of KPIs saves you significant time and effort in researching and developing metrics, allowing you to focus more on analysis, implementation of strategies, and other more value-added activities.

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Implementation Insights

Throughout the implementation, it was observed that board members with a deep understanding of the aerospace industry brought invaluable insights, driving strategic innovation. According to McKinsey, effective boards spend 20% more time on strategy than average boards. The incorporation of strategic sessions into board meetings led to a more proactive and informed governance approach, aligned with industry best practices.

Board Efficacy Deliverables

  • Board Assessment Report (PowerPoint)
  • Governance Best Practices Framework (PDF)
  • Strategic Alignment Workshop Toolkit (PowerPoint)
  • Board Development Plan (Excel)
  • Policy Revision Guidelines (Word Document)

Explore more Corporate Board deliverables

Corporate Board Best Practices

To improve the effectiveness of implementation, we can leverage best practice documents in Corporate Board. These resources below were developed by management consulting firms and Corporate Board subject matter experts.

Board Efficacy Case Studies

  • A Fortune 500 aerospace firm successfully realigned its board composition, leading to a 15% increase in market share within two years.
  • An international aerospace company overhauled its board processes, resulting in a 30% improvement in strategic initiative implementation rate.

Explore additional related case studies

Board Composition Versus Industry Dynamics

Adjusting board composition to match industry dynamics is a critical factor in ensuring the board's effectiveness. A study by PwC shows that 91% of directors believe that a board with a diverse array of skills positively impacts company performance. The challenge lies in identifying skill gaps and attracting the right talent. This involves a rigorous process of defining the skills matrix, benchmarking against competitors, and engaging with search firms that specialize in board recruitment. The organization must prioritize industry expertise, strategic vision, and a track record of driving transformation to keep pace with the rapid evolution of the aerospace industry.

Moreover, this process should be continuous, with regular reviews to ensure the board's capabilities evolve in tandem with market changes. The board should not only reflect the current state of the industry but also anticipate future trends and challenges. This proactive approach to board composition is essential for maintaining a competitive edge and ensuring that governance practices drive rather than hinder strategic initiatives.

Learn more about Benchmarking

Measuring Board Efficacy

Measuring board efficacy is paramount to understanding the impact of governance changes. According to Deloitte, companies with highly effective boards exhibit 9% higher profit margins than those with low-rated boards. Key performance indicators should include qualitative assessments of board discussions and decisions, as well as quantitative measures such as the speed of decision-making and the success rate of strategic initiatives. These KPIs serve not only as a measure of current performance but also as a baseline for continuous improvement.

It is essential to align these KPIs with the organization's strategic objectives and to communicate them clearly to all board members. This ensures a shared understanding of what constitutes success and drives accountability. Regular board self-assessments, peer reviews, and third-party evaluations can provide a comprehensive view of board performance and areas for further development.

Learn more about Key Performance Indicators

Integrating New Board Practices

Integrating new board practices presents both an opportunity and a challenge. The key to successful integration lies in the effective management of change. This involves clear communication of the benefits and strategic importance of the new practices, as well as providing the necessary support and training for board members. According to McKinsey, organizations that focus on capability building at the board level are 2.4 times more likely to report outperformance in market position.

The integration process should be phased and monitored closely, with opportunities for feedback and adjustment. It is important to recognize that such changes may initially disrupt established routines, but with a clear focus on long-term strategic benefits, the board can quickly adapt and flourish under the new governance framework.

Sustaining Improvements Post-Implementation

Sustaining improvements post-implementation is critical to realizing the long-term value of board enhancement efforts. This requires the establishment of a governance culture that values continuous learning and adaptation. EY reports that boards committed to continual self-improvement can significantly enhance their contribution to company performance. Embedding a cycle of regular evaluation and feedback into the board's operations encourages ongoing development and helps to identify new areas for enhancement.

Additionally, the board should stay abreast of emerging governance trends and best practices. This can be achieved through ongoing education programs, engagement with governance experts, and participation in industry forums. By fostering a culture of excellence and continuous improvement, the board ensures that it remains an effective strategic asset to the organization.

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Key Findings and Results

Here is a summary of the key results of this case study:

  • Enhanced decision-making agility, evidenced by a 15% reduction in time to market for new aerospace components.
  • Board member industry expertise index increased by 40%, following targeted recruitment and development efforts.
  • Strategic initiative implementation rate improved by 25%, driven by better alignment of board expertise with organizational goals.
  • Board evaluation score improvement of 30%, reflecting enhanced governance practices and strategic oversight.
  • Increased shareholder confidence, as indicated by a 20% rise in stock price post-implementation.

The initiative to revitalize the board's functionality and governance practices has been markedly successful. The quantifiable improvements in decision-making agility, strategic initiative implementation rate, and board evaluation scores directly reflect the effectiveness of the implemented changes. The significant increase in the board member industry expertise index underscores the successful alignment of board composition with the organization's strategic objectives, fostering innovation and growth. The rise in shareholder confidence, as evidenced by the stock price, further validates the positive impact of these governance enhancements. However, the journey towards optimal board efficacy is ongoing. Alternative strategies, such as more aggressive talent acquisition or deeper integration of technology in board processes, could potentially have accelerated or further amplified these outcomes.

For next steps, it is recommended to focus on sustaining and building upon the improvements achieved. This includes establishing a more structured framework for continuous board education on emerging industry trends and governance best practices. Additionally, implementing a more robust framework for tracking and measuring the impact of strategic decisions on organizational performance can further enhance board effectiveness. Finally, exploring digital transformation initiatives within board processes could streamline decision-making and improve operational efficiency, ensuring the organization remains competitive in the evolving aerospace industry landscape.

Source: Board Efficacy Enhancement in Aerospace Sector, Flevy Management Insights, 2024

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