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Data and Analytics, today, play a key role in competing with rivals. Every passing day leads to creation of enormous amounts of data by organizations across the globe. These huge data lakes often go unused, or are underutilized, by organizations. This data, if utilized properly, is of great assistance in informed decision making.
Multiple data types and sources generated by discrete systems are often inconsistent, dispersed, and lacking integration, which makes them unworkable. Such data results in inaccurate analysis and flawed insights. Reliability and confidentiality of data can be ensured by stipulating rules and processes to govern access to data and its Metadata.
Metadata can be defined as “the Data in the context of Who, What, Where, Why, When, and How.” It’s the information pertaining to the data itself, its attributes, and elements. Metadata provides searchable key attributes of information to the users e.g., Customer ID or Name. Appropriate identification of Metadata is a major step in uncovering the potential locked in enterprise data assets.
Metadata Management relates to handling of data, its description, relationships, and lineage within an organization. Metadata enables a user to search and identify information on certain key attributes. Context of data is of prime importance in managing Metadata.
Metadata isn’t all about identification of data. With ever-increasing volumes and complexity of data, Metadata management is getting critical to identify informational assets and convert those into enterprise assets of high business value. This entails setting up policies and ensuring efficient information management. Metadata Management integrates all data at the enterprise level.
Benefits of Metadata Management
- An efficient Metadata Management system helps the business users to comprehend the source of the data characteristic and the calculated measure of that characteristic.
- It supports the technical users in mapping business Metadata with technical Metadata.
- Metadata Management provides a holistic view of the various data systems in an organization.
- It enables automated parsing and loading of variety of Metadata types.
- Building an Enterprise Metadata model based on the data generated from discrete systems—e.g. data warehouse, integration tools, and data modeling tools—is quite efficiently done through Metadata Management.
- Mitigation of any challenges in data accessibility and utility.
- Enhancement of data quality.
- Supporting Digital Transformation by creating data reporting and data analysis experts.
People in the same organization perceive Metadata differently. Difference of opinion in the identification of Metadata within the company results in inadequate visibility and access to data. This is where a broader classification of the types of Metadata is helpful. A thorough understanding of the different classes or categories of Metadata assists in developing a standardized perception of data across the organization. These categories include:
Structured Metadata provides information on what the data looks like, e.g., data elements names mapped to columns, descriptions of data elements, data types, length of data elements, and the file layout. This can include tags, primary keys, or foreign keys.
Entails information associated with data origination point, directives, constraints, owners, service level agreements for consumption of data, demographic information about the data asset e.g., size, number of records, date of production, or source of origin of data.
Refers to data production processes, including data lineage, any 3rd-party sources of data, derivations of data elements, or the process flows related to data pipelines.
Describes information on the context and classification of data. It includes a glossary of business terms, definitions, taxonomies, master data, historical data, types of queries performed etc.
Provides data on Metadata consumers, their roles, data owners, and data stewards responsible for managing the quality and usability of data.
Interested in learning more about the other categories and classifications of Metadata? You can download an editable PowerPoint on Metadata Management here on the Flevy documents marketplace.
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Digital Transformation is being embraced by organizations of all sizes across most industries. In the Digital Age today, technology creates new opportunities and fundamentally transforms businesses in all aspects—operations, business models, strategies. It not only enables the business, but also drives its growth and can be a source of Competitive Advantage.
For many industries, COVID-19 has accelerated the timeline for Digital Transformation Programs by multiple years. Digital Transformation has become a necessity. Now, to survive in the Low Touch Economy—characterized by social distancing and a minimization of in-person activities—organizations must go digital. This includes offering digital solutions for both employees (e.g. Remote Work, Virtual Teams, Enterprise Cloud, etc.) and customers (e.g. E-commerce, Social Media, Mobile Apps, etc.).
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About Mark BridgesMark Bridges is a Senior Director of Strategy at Flevy. Flevy is your go-to resource for best practices in business management, covering management topics from Strategic Planning to Operational Excellence to Digital Transformation (view full list here). Learn how the Fortune 100 and global consulting firms do it. Improve the growth and efficiency of your organization by leveraging Flevy's library of best practice methodologies and templates. Prior to Flevy, Mark worked as an Associate at McKinsey & Co. and holds an MBA from the Booth School of Business at the University of Chicago. You can connect with Mark on LinkedIn here.
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