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Flevy Management Insights Case Study
Kanban System Enhancement in Renewable Energy

There are countless scenarios that require Kanban. Fortune 500 companies typically bring on global consulting firms, like McKinsey, BCG, Bain, Deloitte, and Accenture, or boutique consulting firms specializing in Kanban to thoroughly analyze their unique business challenges and competitive situations. These firms provide strategic recommendations based on consulting frameworks, subject matter expertise, benchmark data, best practices, and other tools developed from past client work. Let us analyze the following scenario.

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Consider this scenario: The organization is a mid-sized renewable energy company facing challenges in managing its project flow with Kanban.

With an increasing portfolio of solar and wind projects, the company struggles to maintain visibility and control over its workflows. Inefficiencies have led to project delays and cost overruns, impacting the organization's ability to scale operations effectively in a competitive market.

In reviewing the situation at the renewable energy company, initial hypotheses suggest that the root causes for their business challenges may lie in inadequate workflow visualization, poorly defined work item limits, and suboptimal team collaboration. There may also be a lack of analytics and metrics to effectively monitor and improve the Kanban process.


  • 1. Assessment of Current State: What are the existing Kanban practices? How is workflow managed? Identifying pain points and bottlenecks.
  • 2. Process Mapping: What are the key stages of project flow? Establishing a clear visual representation of the current Kanban system.
  • 3. Definition of Work Item Types: What types of work items exist? Categorizing to improve prioritization and resource allocation.
  • 4. Limit Setting: What are the optimal Work In Progress (WIP) limits? Setting limits to enhance flow and reduce bottlenecks.
  • 5. Implementation of Feedback Loops: How can continuous improvement be integrated? Instituting regular retrospectives and process adjustments.
  • 6. Analytics and Reporting: What metrics will drive Kanban performance? Developing a dashboard for real-time tracking and decision-making.

Learn more about Continuous Improvement Process Mapping

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Key Considerations

Ensuring that the Kanban system is scalable and adaptable to the organization's growing project portfolio is critical. The methodology needs to be flexible enough to accommodate various project sizes and complexities within the renewable energy sector.

The organization should expect a significant increase in on-time project delivery and a reduction in cycle times. These improvements will directly contribute to a more competitive market position and better financial performance.

Resistance to change and adherence to the new Kanban system may present implementation challenges. Ensuring team buy-in and providing adequate training will be essential for success.

Implementation KPIs

KPIS are crucial throughout the implementation process. They provide quantifiable checkpoints to validate the alignment of operational activities with our strategic goals, ensuring that execution is not just activity-driven, but results-oriented. Further, these KPIs act as early indicators of progress or deviation, enabling agile decision-making and course correction if needed.

What you measure is what you get. Senior executives understand that their organization's measurement system strongly affects the behavior of managers and employees.
     – Robert S. Kaplan and David P. Norton (creators of the Balanced Scorecard)

  • Cycle Time: the time it takes to complete a work item from start to finish.
  • Throughput: the number of work items completed in a given time period.
  • Work In Progress (WIP): the number of work items being worked on at any one time.
  • Cumulative Flow: visual representation of work items in various stages of the workflow.

For more KPIs, take a look at the Flevy KPI Library, one of the most comprehensive databases of KPIs available. Having a centralized library of KPIs saves you significant time and effort in researching and developing metrics, allowing you to focus more on analysis, implementation of strategies, and other more value-added activities.

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Sample Deliverables

  • Kanban Board Design Framework (PowerPoint)
  • Workflow Analysis Report (PDF)
  • Process Improvement Plan (MS Word)
  • Kanban Metrics Dashboard (Excel)
  • Change Management Playbook (PDF)

Explore more Kanban deliverables

Kanban Best Practices

To improve the effectiveness of implementation, we can leverage best practice documents in Kanban. These resources below were developed by management consulting firms and Kanban subject matter experts.

Case Studies

A Fortune 500 energy company implemented a revised Kanban system, resulting in a 20% decrease in project delivery times and a 30% increase in team productivity, as reported by the Project Management Institute.

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Strategic Alignment

Aligning Kanban system improvements with the organization's strategic objectives, such as market expansion and innovation, is crucial. This ensures that all efforts contribute to overarching business goals.

Technology Integration

Leveraging digital tools to automate parts of the Kanban process can increase efficiency. Introducing software solutions for Kanban can provide better visibility and analytics.

Leadership and Culture

Leadership must champion the changes in the Kanban process to foster a culture of continuous improvement. Encouraging open communication and feedback is vital to the successful adoption of new practices.

Accountability and responsibility drive the success of any initiative. Deciding on who "owns" the new Kanban process is a critical decision. Traditionally, this role is taken on by a project manager or a dedicated Kanban master. In the case of a mid-sized organization, it may be possible to have a dedicated Kanban master if the team size and project portfolio justifies the role. However, smaller teams may need to have this role taken on by an existing team member.

The integration of technology into an existing workflow can cause disruption if not properly managed. Considerations around staff training, technical support, and adaptation periods should be made. In this digitization process, it is key to balance the short-term disruptions with the long-term gains that automation and digitization can bring to an organization.

Measuring the success of a new process can be challenging, especially when multiple variables are at play. It is important to clearly define performance metrics at the beginning of the process and commit to a measurement framework that tracks the selected metrics over a set period. As a typical rule of thumb, performance should be evaluated over a 12-month period, adjusting and perfecting the system as necessary.

The final question by any executive would be related to cost. The cost of implementing a new or enhanced Kanban process can vary quite significantly based on the size of the organization, the complexity of the projects, and the state of the current operations. A detailed and well-documented plan will allow accurate estimation of costs. It must be noted that, with any investment like this, the benefits often outweigh the costs in terms of on-time project delivery and improved efficiency.

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Key Findings and Results

Here is a summary of the key results of this case study:

  • Increased on-time project delivery rate by 25% within the first year of implementing the revised Kanban system.
  • Reduced cycle times for solar projects by 15% and wind projects by 20%, enhancing overall project flow efficiency.
  • Achieved a 30% reduction in Work In Progress (WIP) items, leading to a more manageable and visible workflow.
  • Implemented a Kanban Metrics Dashboard, resulting in a 40% improvement in decision-making speed based on real-time data.
  • Reported a 50% increase in team collaboration and communication, attributed to the introduction of regular feedback loops and clear work item definitions.
  • Encountered a 10% resistance to change, significantly lower than anticipated, due to effective change management and training programs.

The initiative to overhaul the Kanban system within the renewable energy company has been markedly successful. The significant increase in on-time project delivery and the reduction in cycle times directly contribute to the company's competitive positioning and financial performance. The reduction in WIP items and the implementation of a Kanban Metrics Dashboard have streamlined operations, making project management more efficient and data-driven. The increase in team collaboration and the lower-than-expected resistance to change are particularly noteworthy, underscoring the effectiveness of the change management strategies employed. While the results are commendable, exploring additional digital tools for automation and further refining the feedback loops could potentially enhance outcomes even more.

Based on the outcomes and insights gained, the next steps should focus on continuous improvement and scalability. It is recommended to explore advanced digital tools that could automate more elements of the Kanban process, thereby increasing efficiency further. Additionally, expanding the training programs to include advanced Kanban techniques and leadership skills for key team members will ensure the sustainability of improvements. Finally, instituting a quarterly review process to assess the effectiveness of the current Kanban system and identify areas for further enhancement will ensure that the company continues to build on its successes.

Source: Kanban System Enhancement in Renewable Energy, Flevy Management Insights, 2024

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