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Complete Working Capital Best Practices   Document Bundle


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Complete Working Capital Best Practices (Document Bundle)

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Complete Working Capital Best Practice PPT

Working capital management is a business strategy designed to ensure that a company operates efficiently by monitoring and using its current assets and liabilities to their most effective use.

Working capital management is defined as the process through which a company plans for utilizing its current assets and liabilities in the best possible manner to ensure operational effectiveness.

Working capital management allows organizations to maintain cash flows and lets them meet short-term targets, while also factoring in unexpected costs and unlocking cash that's often tied up on the balance sheet.

The primary purpose of working capital management is to enable the company to maintain sufficient cash flow to meet its short-term operating costs and short-term debt obligations. A company's working capital is made up of its current assets minus its current liabilities.

Current assets include anything that can be easily converted into cash within 12 months. These are the company's highly liquid assets. Some current assets include cash, accounts receivable, inventory, and short-term investments. Current liabilities are any obligations due within the following 12 months. These include accruals for operating expenses and current portions of long-term debt payments.

The efficiency of working capital management can be quantified using ratio analysis.

1. Working capital management requires monitoring a company's assets and liabilities to maintain sufficient cash flow to meet its short-term operating costs and short-term debt obligations.

2. Working capital management involves tracking various ratios, including the working capital ratio, the collection ratio, and the inventory ratio.

3. Working capital management can improve a company's cash flow management and earnings quality by using its resources efficiently.

Working capital management helps maintain the smooth operation of the net operating cycle, also known as the cash conversion cycle (CCC)—the minimum amount of time required to convert net current assets and liabilities into cash.

Working capital management can improve a company's cash flow management and earnings quality through the efficient use of its resources. Management of working capital includes inventory management as well as management of accounts receivable and accounts payable.

Working capital management also involves the timing of accounts payable (i.e., paying suppliers). A company can conserve cash by choosing to stretch the payment of suppliers and to make the most of available credit or may spend cash by purchasing using cash—these choices also affect working capital management.

How to Improve Working Capital Management
Accelerating the cash conversion cycle can help a company's working capital position, but it may have unintended consequences. For instance, withholding payments to suppliers may improve your cash position, but will affect your relationship with suppliers.

This may hurt your relationships with suppliers and could even make it difficult for cash-strapped suppliers to fulfill your orders on time.

As a result, efficient working capital management entails taking initiatives to strengthen the company's working capital position while preventing negative consequences elsewhere in your supply chain. It often requires companies to strike a balance between liquidity and profitability.

Appropriate working capital management ensures that the firm always has enough cash to support its short-term operational expenses and debt obligations. It also facilitates the smooth functioning of the business and can help boost earnings and profitability.


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Author: UJ Consulting
Additional documents from author: 180

UJ Consulting

Untung Juanto ST. , MM. Founder of UJ Consulting. He is professionally experienced business and management consultant in several local and multinational companies. [read more]

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