We have categorized 37 documents as Mergers & Aquisitions. There are 20 documents listed on this page.
What Is Mergers & Aquisitions?
Mergers & Acquisitions, or M&A for short, refers to the process of combining 2 or more organizations, either through a merger (where 2 organizations combine to form a new organization) or an acquisition (where one organization buys another organization).
M&A activity can have a number of impacts on the organizations involved, as well as on the broader market. For example, M&A can allow organizations to expand their operations, access new markets or technologies, or increase their market share. It can also help organizations to improve their efficiency and productivity—and to reduce costs.
On the other hand, M&A can also create risks and challenges for organizations. For example, it can lead to disruptions in operations, difficulties in integrating the two companies, or conflicts between the cultures of the organizations involved. It can also create uncertainty for employees and other stakeholders.
In fact, in most cases, organizations are not able to fully realize the projected Value Creation from the M&A transaction. A study published in the Harvard Business Review found that the majority of M&A transactions do not deliver the expected returns to shareholders. Another study, published in the Journal of Financial Economics, found that the stock price of the acquiring firm typically declines following an M&A announcement, indicating that the market does not view the transaction as value-creating.
This is why it is critical to also engage in a robust Post-merger Integration (PMI) process following the merger. PMI typically involves several key activities, such as identifying and rationalizing overlapping or redundant functions, integrating systems and processes, and aligning cultures and values. The goal of Post-merger Integration is to create a single, integrated organization that can leverage the strengths and capabilities of the individual organizations; and that can operate more efficiently and effectively than the separate organizations did previously. Organizations often hire management consultants to help with PMI.
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